Lundi 22 août 2011

Exposing the cells to high level of bile acid

Exposing the cells to high level of bile acid, as found in the mother's and fetal blood in obstetric cholestasis, caused the cells to conduct electrical signals more slowly and increased the likelihood of arrhythmia. This effect was not seen when there were no myofibroblasts present among the heart muscle cells, as in the healthy adult heart.


When the cells were exposed to bile acids and UDCA, it altered the electrical properties of the myofibroblasts, and the electrical signals propagated across the cell culture more regularly.


"Myofibroblasts affect the propagation of electrical signals that co-ordinate the pumping function of the heart," said Dr Michele Miragoli, first author of the study. "Complications from obstetric cholestasis occur most commonly in the last trimester of pregnancy, when the density of myofibroblasts is highest in the fetal heart.


"Our study suggests that it is the appearance of myofibroblast cells that make the fetus vulnerable to arrhythmia in obstetric cholestasis. We think that targeting these cells could be an important new approach for preventing abnormal heart rhythm, not just in the fetus, but also in people who have had a heart attack gucci shoes."

Par ichaoren - 0 commentaire(s)le 22 août 2011
Dimanche 21 août 2011

Professor Alan Silman

Professor Alan Silman, Medical Director of Arthritis Research UK , which funded the preliminary work for the genetics research said the study was important, but added that it needed to be followed up before its significance could be measured clinically. "We're supporting further intensive work needed to investigate whether these genetic targets could offer scope for novel treatment approaches," he said.


Debbie Cook, Director of The National Ankylosing Spondylitis Society (UK) added: "We are delighted with the results of these genetic studies in ankylosing spondylitis which will help us to understand the causes of the disease better, and hopefully to develop new ideas about its treatment. Our members have been heavily involved in these studies with scientists at the University of Oxford over the past 10 years and it is good to see the progress that has been made. It has long been recognised that there is a genetic element to the condition and that it has a tendency to run in families. The identification of 14 genes involved in this process clearly helps to understand the reasons for this.


"Over the past ten years our members have been donating blood or saliva samples so that their DNA can be analysed. It is good to see that this truly global collaboration, involving teams in Australia and USA as well as the UK has been so worthwhile. We look forward to further developments in the future towards preventing or curing this persistent and painful disease that affects about 200,000 people in the UK alone gucci outlet".

Par ichaoren - 0 commentaire(s)le 21 août 2011
Vendredi 19 août 2011

New research conducted at UNC Lineberger Comprehensive

New research conducted at UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, offers hope for people with a rare disorder called Chuvash polycythemia. Polycythemia is a disease characterized by excessive production of red blood cells. Symptoms include an enlarged spleen, blood clots, an increased risk of stroke, and in some cases the disease is a precursor to acute leukemia. While 95 percent of polycythemia cases are associated with a mutation in the JAK2 gene, a small number of patients have a mutation in the von Hippel-Lindau gene that produces a protein called pVHL.


"It was thought that these two types of polycythemia would need treatments targeting different biochemical pathways," says William Kim, MD, one of the study authors and a member of UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center. Kim is an assistant professor of Medicine and Genetics at UNC-Chapel Hill.


"We found that – despite their different origins – both types of disease display activation of JAK2. This is exciting because there are JAK2 inhibitors in late stage clinical trials that look promising for patients with JAK2 mutant polycythemia. Our work in laboratory models shows that inhibition of JAK2 is an effective strategy for both types of the disease. Under normal circumstances, the small number of people with a Chuvash VHL mutation would make this type of polycythemia an orphan disease. There are simply not enough patients to make the development of a targeted treatment worthwhile for pharmaceutical companies gucci shoes," he added.

Par ichaoren - 0 commentaire(s)le 19 août 2011
Jeudi 18 août 2011

But having all these labeled side gucci shoes

But having all these labeled side gucci shoes effects can overwhelm doctors who must weigh the risks and benefits when prescribing a medication. The Food and Drug Administration has taken steps to discourage such 'overwarning,' but at present information overload is the rule rather than the exception," Dr. Duke said.


The authors looked at different classes of medications to determine if certain types of drugs were more likely to have a high number of labeled effects. The greatest number of side effects was found in antidepressants, antiviral medications, and newer treatments for Restless Legs Syndrome and Parkinson's disease. In general, medications typically used by psychiatrists and neurologists had the most complex labels, while drugs used by dermatologists and ophthalmologists had the least.


To conduct this research, the investigators developed computer software capable of identifying side effects in drug labels with 95 percent accuracy. This software, known as SPLICER, can be used to monitor labeling patterns on an ongoing basis and detect changing trends.

Par ichaoren - 0 commentaire(s)le 18 août 2011
Mercredi 17 août 2011

Children may be a long-term investment gucci outlet

Children may be a long-term investment gucci outlet in happiness," says MPIDR demographer Mikko Myrskylä. Together with Rachel Margolis from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, USA, he published the new study in the latest issue of the journal "Population and Development Review". It shows a global trend: while for parents under 30 the level of happiness decreases with the first and each additional child, mothers and fathers aged 30 to 39 feel as happy as childless peers until they have four children or more. From age 40 onwards parents are even more content than childless couples are unless they have more then three children. Mothers and fathers over 50 are generally happier than their childless peers, no matter how numerous their offspring. With a sound data basis, this study clarifies for the first time the discrepancy between the widespread belief that children bring happiness and the fact that most research finds either a negative or no significant relationship between parenthood and well being. "Seeing the age trend of happiness independent of sex, income, partnership status and even fertility rates shows that one has to explain it from the perspective of the stage of parents life", says Mikko Myrskylä who at the MPIDR is heading the Max Planck Research Group "Lifecourse Dynamics and Demographic Change".


In the early stages of parenting, positive aspects of having children are overshadowed by negative experiences such as lack of sleep, concerns about the child's well being, and financial strains. The older parents get, the less they feel such pressure caused by their offspring as the child grows up and becomes more independent. When children reach adulthood their parents, who are then between 40 and 60 years old, can benefit from them financially and emotionally. Consistently, the study finds that the satisfaction of parents over 40 rises with the number of children comparatively strongly in former socialist states. Welfare systems in these countries are less far developed and parents depend more on direct financial support from their children.


Governments also play a role in enhancing the happiness of young parents. In former socialist countries like Russia, Poland and Hungary that offer limited support for parents of young children, their contentment compared to childless peers decreases particularly strongly with the number of children. In contrast, the curve is rather flat in countries with more developed welfare states like Western Germany, Austria and Switzerland. In these countries peers with and without children feel similarly well at any age. At the same time the influence of children as a source of happiness seems to be rising over time. From 1997 to 2005 parents of all ages reported feeling happier than they did in the period from 1981 to 1996.


The results of this study are based on data from more than 200,000 women and men over fifteen years old questioned for the World Value Surveys (WVS) from 1981 to 2005. The WVS is the largest international survey including questions concerning happiness and fertility.

Par ichaoren - 0 commentaire(s)le 17 août 2011

Gucci handbags show on gucci outlet

There are many brands on the market with other brands of high quality and high price gucci outlet bags. There are outfits expensive, but the quality is not up to the mark. You can find a high quality with great elegance, with locations for handbags and fashion brand. There are sites online where you can find wholesale price or wholesale all kinds of brand. Such as summer 2011 GUCCI Bags, One can see the type of wholesale handbags and designer of the search option and enter a list of all terms. So it is a simple way, the latest handbags with the elegance and style to get. We spend a great deal of time around here telling you what we're loving and hating, season after season, bag after bag, we've got lots of opinions. But so do you! So now's your turn, tell us what bags you're coveting for summer. What would you buy if money well on object, and what bags are actually in your budget for the season?


Well, my ultimate summer 2011 GUCCI Bags lust object finally arrived in the mail a few days ago, a wholesale cheap GUCCI Tote in lipstick red. And if money grew on trees, I'd also be picking up and bring blue GUCCI Handmade Large top handle. Why don't more brands make bags in this color? Can someone out there get on that? I'm looking at you. What bags are you stalking lately?


No one knows exactly how long the mini cross body trend will last, but put me on the record as hoping that this shape stays around as a wardrobe staple for years to come. Not only are minibag delightfully functional, but they're easily modified to embody nearly any style from hippie to industrial. In this case, the mood of the GUCCI Small Shoulder Bag is clear, it is about the retro throwback. This bag comes as no surprise to anyone that saw the looks from Summer 2011 GUCCI Bags I would have pegged the look as more late 60s than early 70s, The first thing that struck me is the color but the retro shapes and color palette were omnipresent throughout the wholesale handbags featured in the show. The colors that make up a leopard print colors are normally considered to be neutral if used by them and are easier to pair them with clothing and colors than you would expect. The altered GUCCI logo is the touch that really completes the look.


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Par ichaoren - 0 commentaire(s)le 17 août 2011
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